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Key figures for the cultural economy in 2018 (Creative France - EY)

Key figures for the cultural economy in 2018 (Creative France - EY)

Creative France and EY publish their 3rd panorama on the economy of the cultural and creative sectors. In 2018, the visual arts represented a quarter of the 2018 total revenues of the cultural and creative industries (CCI).




As for the previous editions, France Créative and EY studied the economic and financial data of the visual arts, music, live performance, cinema, television, radio, video games, books, press, advertising and Communication.



The entire sector weighs € 91.4 billion in total revenue and its benefit (€ 47.5 billion in 2017) is equivalent to 2.3% of GDP, a weight comparable to that of the food industry and 1, 9 times greater than that of the automotive industry. The visual arts stand at the top of this ranking.



Jobs and skills: assets that remain fragile, but more feminine, younger, more diverse, and distributed throughout the territory

If 1.3 million people exercised in 2018 an activity, direct or indirect, main or occasional, in a cultural or creative sector, only half (635,700 people according to the Ministry of Culture) derived their main income from it.

The economy of culture is an economy of individuals, innovative, fragile and atomized, with creators at their center, supported by positive regulation in the area of ​​copyright.

However, in terms of jobs, it has characteristics close to two sectors essential to the French economy, the building and public works and hotel and catering industries: jobs are non-relocatable, distributed throughout the territory and open to unskilled young people .

The artistic and performing arts occupies a share of professionals under 30 years higher than the average of the active population (22.6% against 18.8% in 2018)

The cultural economy has become more feminine and more representative of French diversity: 43% of the working population of CCIs in 2015 are women (compared to 30% in 1991).

The French territory is meshed with cultural infrastructures essential to the life of the territories, urban or rural: in 2016, 1,450 municipalities benefited from a performance hall or a festival and 850 hosted a museum. The performing arts, museums and heritage, for example, feed a very wide variety of local economic activities, for example in the field of tourism.




Visual Arts: a lever of attractiveness and international influence for France

Between 2013 and 2016, exports of cultural goods increased by 16%, twice as fast as the average of exports for all sectors combined. This trend is driven in particular by advertising, video games and the visual arts, which account for around two-thirds of exports and have given birth to international champions.

Another illustration, the CISAC recently pointed out that four societies of authors born in France, SACEM, SCAM, SACD and ADAGP, are the world leaders in rights management.

In addition to artists and productions touring the world, international CCIs have been strengthened by the establishment of large museums in high-growth regions (Louvre in Abu Dhabi, for example).

In addition, cultural tourism plays a key role in promoting France, the world's leading tourist destination. In 2018, 52 million tourists experienced a cultural activity during their stay (+ 71% compared to 2013), such as visiting a museum or a concert during their stay. Finally, events taking place in France have an international scope and help the export of French CCIs, for example in the field of visual arts with the FIAC or Paris Photo.




Despite a sharp drop in the relative weight of Europe due to the boom in emerging markets (+ 150% in value sales on the Chinese market between 2007 and 2017), France consolidates its position as the fourth art market worldwide. A stronghold of fine art transactions, France represented 7% of the value of sales of works of art in 2017, compared to 42% for the United States, 21% for China and 20% for the United Kingdom.


A few facts and figures

Total revenue 2018: € 91.4 billion 1/2017 added value: € 47.5 billion 2

Feminization: 43% of working people are women in 2015 (30% in 1991)

Territories: in 2016, 1,450 municipalities benefited from a performance hall or a festival

and 850 hosted a museum

Employment: 1.3 million people exercised in 2018 a main or occasional activity

in CCIs and 635,700 people derived their main income from it


>>> download the panorama (FR)


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